Plums Black



Black Plums are available in the summer through early fall.

Current Facts

The Black Plum is botanically classified as Prunus domestica and is a member of the Rosaceae family. It is also known as European plum, gage plum, prune-plum, or simply prune. This small to medium-sized fruit varies in color from yellowish with purple hues to deep purples and reds. The black plum tree can reach heights up to 20 feet when mature and has an upright growth habit producing both male and female blossoms on separate trees. The flowers are white with five petals that bloom in early spring before the leaves appear. The ripe fruits will hang off the branches during summer through autumn months when they’re ready for harvest. The fruit is typically used in jams, jellies, and desserts as well as for traditional prunes. It can also be fermented or distilled to make wine or brandy.

Black plum trees have a few common pests and diseases that may cause damage to their leaves and fruits. Aphids, scale insects, mites, borers, caterpillars, and leafrollers are all known to attack the tree’s foliage and fruit. Plum pox virus is one of the most serious bacterial diseases affecting black plums. This disease causes yellowish spots on the leaves which eventually turn brown before dropping off the tree prematurely. Preventative measures include chemical insecticides and fungicides applied during bloom season as well as cultural practices such as proper pruning, fertilization, and irrigation. In some cases, infected trees must be removed to prevent the spread of disease.

The fruits of black plum trees can also be harvested for jams, jellies, preserves, sauces, and syrups or distilled to make wine or brandy. The tart flavor is often used in desserts such as cobblers and pies as well as added to salads, ice creams, sorbets and other refreshments. Additionally, the juice from fresh plums can be incorporated into drinks like smoothies or blended with other juices for a flavorful twist on traditional beverages. With its distinctively sweet-tart flavor and potential health benefits including improved digestion and boosted immunity due to its high vitamin C and antioxidant content, black plum is an ideal ingredient to add to nearly any recipe.

Furthermore, black plums are widely used in a variety of traditional medicines. The bark or root of the tree has been known to treat stomach ache, indigestion, ulcers and other digestive issues. Studies also suggest that compounds found in the fruit can help reduce inflammation and have antiviral properties that may be beneficial for treating certain illnesses like colds and flu. Additionally, some cultures use externally applied poultices made from boiled leaves or mashed fruits as a remedy for skin diseases such as eczema or psoriasis.

Overall, black plums offer a unique flavor profile with potential health benefits when incorporated into your diet. They can be eaten raw, added to smoothies and shakes, cooked in both savory and sweet dishes, and even made into syrups or jams. As is the case with any food, it’s important to keep your intake moderate if you choose to include black plums in your diet. Additionally, because of their potential antifungal properties, those taking medications for fungal infections should consult a doctor first before consuming this fruit. Enjoy!

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